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Tag Archives: politics

Al Gore Jr. was US Vice President under President Clinton for two terms. After his stint at the White House, Gore became an environmental activist, having raised awareness of global warming as Co-Laureate for the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.

Gore was born on March 31, 1948 in Carthage, Tennessee. His father was a US Representative for several years that’s why Gore was exposed to politics at a young age.

Gore took up BA major in Government at Harvard College and finished in June 1969. In spite of his opposition to the Vietnam War, Gore joined the US Army shortly after graduation. He spent the last seven months of military service in Vietnam.

After The US Army, Gore entered a divinity school at Vanderbilt. Then, he attended a law school. He was first elected as a Representative in 1976. In 1984, he won a seat in the Senate. He was Senator from Tennessee until he became America’s 45th vice president in 1993.

He ran for president against George W. Bush in 2000. He won the popular votes but lost to Bush in the electoral votes. Despite losing his bid for the presidency, Gore continued his public service by spending his time addressing environmental issues.

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Andrew Carnegie is an industrialist, businessman and philanthropist who built the Carnegie Steel Company. The company, which later was known as US Steel, gave Carnegie his fortune. With the wealth he amassed from his steel company, he established other institutions including Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Carnegie Mellon University and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Carnegie was born on November 25, 1835. His family moved to Allegheny, Pennsylvania from his hometown Dunfermline, UK in 1848. When he was only 13, Carnegie worked for 12 hours a day, 6 days a week as a bobbin boy at a local cotton mill. He was earning $1.25 per week at that time. When he was 15, he worked for the Ohio Telegraph Office for $2.20 per week as a messenger.

Carnegie did not have formal education. Most of his learnings were self-taught. While working as a messenger, he was exposed to the works of Robert Burns and his teachings about democracy. He would go to the library of Col. James Anderson and read books on economics, culture and telegraph. Later, he was employed by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company as telegraph operator in 1853.

When Carnegie was only 18, he was promoted as superintendent of the Pittsburgh Division of the railroad. He invested his savings by putting $500 to a company named Adams Express. His initial investment was a success, giving him enough money to invest in stocks of other industries like cars, railroads and iron.

During the Civil War, the Union army used Carnegie’s railroad connections to move troops and munitions to battle. The war also gave him opportunities to invest in oil and iron needed for the war. This opened Carnegie’s enthusiasm for the steel industry.

After the war, to satisfy his new-found passion in ironworks, Carnegie opened The Keystone Bridge Works and the Union Ironworks. Both companies helped improve the infrastructure for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Soon he purchased his competitor, the Homestead Steel Works in 1888. Later in 1892, he also established the Carnegie Steel Company. He was known as the largest steel producer in the US that time.

In 1901, Carnegie’s company was renamed United States Steel Corporation. He hired John Pierpont Morgan to establish a holding company for him so he could retire. Soon the company was purchased by Charles Schwab for $480 million. Carnegie retired with over $250 million in wealth.

Carnegie died in Lennox, Massachusetts on August 11, 1919.