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Roberto Pisani Marinho (3 December 1904 – 6 August 2003) was a controversial figure during his day, such as when he was criticized in the 1994 British documentary, Beyond Citizen Kane, for his ties to the military dictatorship and for the creation of TV Globo. While he was able to prevent the release of the documentary through a court order, it quickly went viral on the Internet during the 21st century.

But he was also an influential figure in Brazilian society because of his instrumental role in the creation of Organizações Globo, a large media conglomerate. He was also the founder and president of Globo, a Brazilian television network with 113 stations and associates.

Marinho was to the publishing industry born, so to speak, as his father was a successful publisher. When he was just 21 years old, he became a traineer reporter on O Globo in Rio de Janeiro, which he inherited from his father. He became its chief editor 6 years later.

By the 1940s, he ventured into commercial radio and then into television in the 1960s. On April 1965, Marinho founded Rede Globo TV that eventually became Brazil’s principal television station as well as the world’s third-largest television network. Emphasis must be made that the 1960s was the time when the military dictatorship pressured the media industry to support its government.

Marinho became one of the richest men in South America as well as one of the world’s most influential media moguls by the 1970s, both distinctions of which he held until his death. His holding company, Organizações Globo, controls several companies including TV Globo, a major newspaper, cable television channels, and a chain of radio stations. Globo Television alone reaches nearly every Brazilian home via its 113 stations and associates, not to mention that it has the power to decide the exact date when the country’s soccer matches can kick off.


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